Topic X. Types of Errors and their Costs
Context for this filter:
- B. CONCEPT ACQUISITION
- False Negative/Type II Errors: A test yields a negative result, but in fact the condition is present.
- Exemplary Quotes
- "The oncoming asteroid has only a 1% chance of hitting Earth. But if it does, life on Earth will be destroyed. It'll be expensive to stop the asteroid, but the risk is bad enough it's worth it."
- Cautionary Quotes: Mistakes, Misconceptions, & Misunderstandings
- C. CONCEPT APPLICATION
- Identify false positive (type I) and false negative (type II) errors in scientific and everyday situations.
- Weigh the costs associated with false positives/negatives with the benefits associated with true positives/negatives when making a decision under uncertain conditions.
- Explain how people could come to different decisions or policies as a result of different utilities/values associated with different types of errors, even if they agree about the relevant facts.