Topic VII. Causal Claims in the Messy Real World
- Exemplary Quotes
- A. ATTITUDES
- Be wary of potential confounds in apparent evidence for causality.
- C. CONCEPT APPLICATION
- For a given causal hypothesis and imperfect study, identify the imperfections (e.g., sample size, lack of randomization, lack of control) and explain how these imperfections impact claims of causality.
- Identify potential confounds in RCT and non-RCT studies.
- Sketch out methods for eliminating potential confounds in sample RCT or non-RCT studies.
- For a given scenario in which a causal hypothesis/claim is being made, identify plausible alternative hypotheses that could be consistent with the data.